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WW2 Japanese Mod.1897 Type 30 Arisaka (Juken) Bayonet – Early Economy Production

WW2 Japanese Mod.1897 Type 30 Arisaka (Juken) Bayonet – Early Economy Production

$195.00
Product code: 89

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

A SECOND WORLD WAR JAPANESE MODEL 1897 TYPE 30 ARISAKA (JUKEN) BAYONET AND SCABBARD MANUFACTURED AT THE KOKURA ARMY ARSENAL IN TŌKYŌ BETWEEN 1941 AND 1944 TO FIT THE 6.5mm TYPE 30 RIFLE, THE MEIJI 38 RIFLE AND THE TYPE 96 AND 99 SQUAD LIGHT MACHINE GUNS.This bayonet is in very good original condition and was manufactured in Japan during the Second World War at the Kokura Army Arsenal in Tōkyō.  The squared off hilt, birds head pommel (not rounded as on earlier versions) and hooked quillon indicate that this is an early economy-production 30th-year bayonet.

Details

A SECOND WORLD WAR JAPANESE MODEL 1897 TYPE 30 ARISAKA (JUKEN) BAYONET AND SCABBARD MANUFACTURED AT THE KOKURA ARMY ARSENAL IN TŌKYŌ BETWEEN 1941 AND 1944 TO FIT THE 6.5mm TYPE 30 RIFLE, THE MEIJI 38 RIFLE AND THE TYPE 96 AND 99 SQUAD LIGHT MACHINE GUNS.This bayonet is in very good original condition and was manufactured in Japan during the Second World War at the Kokura Army Arsenal in Tōkyō.  The squared off hilt, birds head pommel (not rounded as on earlier versions) and hooked quillon indicate that this is an early economy-production 30th-year bayonet. 

The 6.5mm Type 30 rifle entered service with the forces of Imperial Japan in 1897.  The Type 30, Juken (bayonet) that accompanied the rifle is frequently called the Arisaka bayonet and served Japanese forces throughout the Second World War.  The original Type 30 bayonet was well made with a bright blade and a heavily blued hilt.  It was fitted with an equally well made steel scabbard.  However, as the war progressed, and the pressures on Japanese industry increased, the quality and finish of Japanese bayonets rapidly deteriorated.  The original contoured hilt evolved into a squared pommel with slab sided grips and this bayonet is an example of one of these early economy-production variants. 

Eventually, the hooked quillon and the blade fullers were deleted and the metalwork only partially finished.  Later versions often show crude machining marks and poor bluing and are equipped with wooden or rubber 'emergency' scabbards.  The Japanese were the only nation to fit bayonets to infantry support weapons and the Type 30 Juken was also fitted to the squad light machine guns Type 96 and 99 as well as the Meiji 38 rifle.

The markings on this Type 30 are clearly visible, with the Kokura ‘four cannonball’ stamp on the obverse ricasso indicating manufacture by the Kokura Army Arsenal in Tōkyō and the serial number 3098839 and a circle quality acceptance mark on the base of the pommel. The handle, with its hardwood grips and the blued steel scabbard are in very good original condition.  The 15.75 inch sharp steel blade is in similarly good condition with a patina consistent with age and use (see pictures). The early production scabbard is in good condition and retains much of its original bluing despite some wear consistent with age and use (see pictures).  Interestingly, this scabbard is one of the ‘button nosed’ types (see picture) usually associated with early production bayonets (1937 -1941) which indicates that this bayonet dates from 1941.

Interestingly, photographs of Japanese Soldiers serving with 15th and 31st Divisions at Imphal and Kohima show many of the troops equipped with this version of wartime produced Type 30.  It also appears to have been widely issued to troops of Japanese 20th and 51st Divisions fighting in New Guinea in 1943 and 1944 as many photographs from that campaign show Japanese Infantry equipped with this pattern of bayonet. During WW2, these bayonets were highly sought after by Australian, US and British troops as battlefield souvenirs and most of those that survived did so as momentoes of the conflict. For reference, two very good photographs are attached to this listing; the first of IJA infantrymen on a railway cart and the second of the Special Navy Landing Force landing at New Guinea, both show troops with similar bayonets attached to their rifles.

These bayonets are scarce in this condition as they are prone to rust and the majority of surviving examples are heavily marked.  They were made to fit the Model 1898 Type 30 6.5mm rifle, Meiji 38 rifle, and Type 96 and 99 Light Machine Guns. This is an early economy-production 30th year bayonet in good condition from a well regarded maker: steel and wood hilt with a round steel press button and internal spring, two piece hardwood grips, secured by two steel rivets, steel crossguard with muzzle ring and full quillon.  Single edged fullered and steel blade.

Maker: Kokura Army Arsenal in Tōkyō
Overall Length: 510.0 mm
Blade Length:  397.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  23.0 mm
MRD:  14.5 mm
Scabbard: Blued steel.
Overall length of scabbard:  417.0 mm

This is a very nice early economy production Type 30 Arisaka Juken in very good original condition.   While these bayonets are not uncommon they are not often found in this sort of condition. A cracking example, this bayonet has the just the right combination of condition vs patina.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.1000
Country of Origin Japanese (WW2)
Pattern Mod.1897 Type 30 Arisaka
Bayonet Type Sword
Maker Kokura Army Arsenal Tōkyō
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1942
Overall Length (mm) 510
Blade Length (mm) 397
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 23
Scabbard Mod.1897 Type 30 Arisaka
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 417
Frog No