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WW2 Japanese Economy Production M.1897 Type 30 Arisaka Bayonet - Wooden Scabbard

WW2 Japanese Economy Production M.1897 Type 30 Arisaka Bayonet - Wooden Scabbard

$375.00
Product code: 71

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

A VERY GOOD SECOND WORLD WAR JAPANESE  ‘ECONOMY PRODUCTION’ MODEL 1897 TYPE 30 ARISAKA (JUKEN) BAYONET AND WOODEN SCABBARD MANUFACTURED AT THE TOYODA JIDO SHOKKI SEISAKU-JO ARSENAL (TOYODA AUTOMATIC LOOM WORKS) UNDER NAGOYA SUPERVISION BETWEEN 1944 AND 1945 TO FIT THE 6.5mm TYPE 30 RIFLE, THE MEIJI 38 RIFLE AND THE TYPE 96 AND 99 SQUAD LIGHT MACHINE GUNS. This bayonet is in very good original condition and was manufactured during the Second World War by the Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisaku-Jo Arsenal (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works) armoury under Nagoya supervision between 1944 and 1945.  The squared off pommel (not rounded as on earlier versions), straight quillon, un-fullered blade and wooden scabbard indicate that this is a late economy-production 30th-year bayonet.

Details

A VERY GOOD SECOND WORLD WAR JAPANESE  ‘ECONOMY PRODUCTION’ MODEL 1897 TYPE 30 ARISAKA (JUKEN) BAYONET AND WOODEN SCABBARD MANUFACTURED AT THE TOYODA JIDO SHOKKI SEISAKU-JO ARSENAL (TOYODA AUTOMATIC LOOM WORKS) UNDER NAGOYA SUPERVISION BETWEEN 1944 AND 1945 TO FIT THE 6.5mm TYPE 30 RIFLE, THE MEIJI 38 RIFLE AND THE TYPE 96 AND 99 SQUAD LIGHT MACHINE GUNS. This bayonet is in very good original condition and was manufactured during the Second World War by the Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisaku-Jo Arsenal (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works) armoury under Nagoya supervision between 1944 and 1945.  The squared off pommel (not rounded as on earlier versions), straight quillon, un-fullered blade and wooden scabbard indicate that this is a late economy-production 30th-year bayonet. 

The 6.5mm Type 30 rifle entered service with the forces of Imperial Japan in 1897.  The Type 30, Juken (bayonet) that accompanied the rifle is frequently called the Arisaka bayonet and served Japanese forces throughout the Second World War.  The original Type 30 bayonet was well made with a bright blade and a heavily blued hilt.  It was fitted with an equally well made steel scabbard.  However, as the war progressed, and the pressures on Japanese industry increased, the quality and finish of Japanese bayonets rapidly deteriorated.  Eventually, the hooked quillon and the blade fullers were deleted and the metalwork only partially finished.  Later versions often show crude machining marks and poor bluing and are equipped with wooden or rubber 'emergency' scabbards.  The original contoured hilt evolved into a squared pommel with slab sided grips while scabbards, initially well engineered in blued steel were by the wars end being manufactured from wood, string, bamboo and poor quality alloys.   This bayonet is an example of one of these late economy-production variants fitted with cracked but highly sought after painted wooden scabbard. 

The Japanese were the only nation to fit bayonets to infantry support weapons and the Type 30 Juken was also fitted to the squad light machine guns Type 96 and 99 as well as the Meiji 38 rifle. For reference, a photograph is attached to this listing showing Japanese infantrymen of the 52nd Division surrendering their weapons in 1945.  Included among the bayonets is a last ditch Arisaka.

The markings on this very good Type 30 are clearly visible, with the Toyoda bamboo diamond box and Nagoya 8 ball stamps on one ricasso indicating manufacture at the Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisaku-Jo Arsenal (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works) armoury under Nagoya supervision and the partial number 87645 and a couple of (,,) quality acceptance marks on the base of the pommel.  The hilt, with its hardwood grips is in very good used condition while the un-fullered blued sharpened steel 15.75 inch blade is excellent, with most of the original blued finish still present (see pictures).  The late economy wooden scabbard with string reinforcement and crude steel locket and chape has a large crack at the botton of the reverse face and still displays much of it's original Japanese green/brown painted finish.  It is in very good condition with an excellent patina. 

Interestingly, photographs of Japanese Soldiers serving with 15th and 31st Divisions at Imphal and Kohima show many of the troops equipped with this version of wartime produced Type 30.  It also appears to have been widely issued to troops of Japanese 20th and 51st Divisions fighting in New Guinea in 1943 and 1944 as many photographs from that campaign show Japanese Infantry equipped with this pattern of bayonet. During WW2, these bayonets were highly sought after by Australian, US and British troops as battlefield souvenirs and most of those that survived did so as mementos of the conflict.  A photograph showing an Austrilian Diggers examining captured Japanese equipment including bayonets is held in the collection of the Australian War Memorial as exhibit: 026294 and can be viewed online at: https://cas.awm.gov.au/item/026294 .

These bayonets are scarce in this condition as most are very prone to rust and most surviving examples are heavily marked and the wooden scabbards severely damaged.  The blued finish on this bayonet is near mint which is unusual for a late economy-production bayonet.  These bayonets were made to fit the Model 1898 Type 30 6.5mm rifle, Meiji 38 rifle, and Type 96 and 99 Light Machine Guns. This is a late economy-production 30th year bayonet in very good condition from a very well regarded maker: steel and wood hilt with a round steel press button and internal spring, two piece hardwood grips, secured by two steel rivets, steel crossguard with muzzle ring and straight quillon.  Single edged un-fullered blued steel blade.

Maker: Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisaku-Jo Arsenal (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works) under Nagoya supervision
Overall Length: 510.0 mm
Blade Length:  397.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  23.0 mm
Scabbard: Wood, steel and twine.
Overall length of scabbard:  415.0 mm

From Australia, this is a very good Type 30 Arisaka Juken, an example of the definitive late Second World War Japanese bayonet, and in my opinion one of the best value bayonets you can purchase at the moment.  This bayonet is a real beaut, it has an excellent patina and while it has clearly seen use it has been well looked after.   Almost certainly a battlefield souvenir you would have to go some way to better it.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.2000
Country of Origin Japanese (WW2)
Pattern M.1897 Type 30 Arisaka Bayonet
Bayonet Type Sword
Maker Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisaku-Jo Juken
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1944
Overall Length (mm) 510
Blade Length (mm) 397
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 23
Scabbard Wooden Late Model M.1897 Type 30 Arisaka Scabbard
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 415
Frog No