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WW1 Ottoman Turkish M1903 (Süngü 1321) Bayonet, Scabbard & Frog - ‘Full Length’

WW1 Ottoman Turkish M1903 (Süngü 1321) Bayonet, Scabbard & Frog - ‘Full Length’

$750.00
Product code: 69

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

A FIRST WORLD WAR OTTOMAN TURKISH FULL LENGTH M1903 BAYONET & SCABBARD MANUFACTURED UNDER CONTRACT IN GERMANY BY THE FIRM OF WEYERSBERG KIRSCHBAUM & CO SOLINGEN IN 1903 TO EQUIP THE GERMAN MANUFACTURED 'EXPORT PATTERN' M1903 7.65mm MAUSER RIFLE AND FITTED WITH ITS ORIGINAL OTTOMAN LEATHER FROG.   This bayonet, is a good example of the type designated M1903 in Dennis D. Ottobre's excellent CD ROM reference 'Observations on Turkish Bayonets' published in 2002.  It was manufactured in 1903 under contract in Germany by Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co Solingen to equip the Ottoman Turkish Army's new 'Export Pattern' M1903 7.65mm Mauser Rifle (based on the GEW 98) and is fitted with its original scabbard and leather frog.  Unlike most Turkish bayonets listed on the net, this bayonet has not been shortened and is still ‘full length’ with an unaltered hooked quillon and its original scabbard and frog.

Details

A GOOD FIRST WORLD WAR OTTOMAN TURKISH FULL LENGTH M1903 BAYONET & SCABBARD MANUFACTURED UNDER CONTRACT IN GERMANY BY THE FIRM OF WEYERSBERG KIRSCHBAUM & CO SOLINGEN IN 1903 TO EQUIP THE GERMAN MANUFACTURED 'EXPORT PATTERN' M1903 7.65mm MAUSER RIFLE AND FITTED WITH ITS ORIGINAL OTTOMAN LEATHER FROG.   This bayonet, is a good example of the type designated M1903 in Dennis D. Ottobre's excellent CD ROM reference 'Observations on Turkish Bayonets' published in 2002.  It was manufactured in 1903 under contract in Germany by Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co Solingen to equip the Ottoman Turkish Army's new 'Export Pattern' M1903 7.65mm Mauser Rifle (based on the GEW 98) and is fitted with its original scabbard and leather frog.  The new M1903 bayonet blade was patterned after Germany's S98 "quillback" bayonet but its hilt remained the same as the M1887 and M1890 bayonet hilts. The M1903 scabbard and frog are very similar to German S98 types but the throat is and has a slightly less pronounced contour at its base. Unlike most Turkish bayonets listed on the net, this bayonet has not been shortened and is still ‘full length’ with an unaltered hooked quillon and its original scabbard and frog. 

The underside of the crossguard is marked with the star mark and the inspectors 'fractur', which indicates that this bayonet is a Hijra year 1321 model manufactured in Germany under contract.  Hijra 1321 is 1903 in current usage (hence Ottobre’s M1903 designation).  The ‘full length’ fullered blade is marked on its back edge with an Ottoman ‘star and crescent’ acceptance mark.  The obverse pommel is stamped with the Ottoman Turkish Tugra Symbol of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and above the push button an Ottoman ‘crescent moon’ mark.  On the reverse pommel, above the release catch there is a star mark and lower down an Ottoman acceptance mark.  Attached to this listing for reference is a 1916 photograph of an Ottoman Regimental Standard being paraded by the “Defenders of Gaza”, one of who has an M1903 bayonet affixed to his rifle.

The original Weyersberg Kirshbaum & Co Solingen mark, stamped in 'Osmanlica', on one ricasso, is clearly visible along with the Hijra date of 1321 (١٣٢١) which is 1903 in current usage. The fact that the bayonet has not been shortened from its original configuration or had its hooked quillon removed, which was done early in WW1, indicate that this bayonet remained in Turkish service until at least 1915 or early 16.  After that date, the hooked quillon was meant to have been removed although adherence to this direction appears to have been haphazard.  The scabbard, stamped on the chape throat with the Ottoman ‘crescent moon’ and ‘star’ mark, is in good condition although as is often the case with these well used Turkish blades, the leather body has become stiff over time.

This bayonet was purchased by me from Pyalong in Victoria and is 'as found' although at some point it has clearly been over-cleaned.  These bayonets are often attributed here in Australia, as souvenirs of the fighting at Gallipoli and this may be true. However Ottoman Turkish forces on all fronts, including the Dardanelles, Mesopotamia and Palestine, and throughout WW1 employed these bayonets and without a demonstrable provenance it is not possible to say with certainty how it came to be in Australia. This is a quality German manufactured First World War Turkish bayonet in good condition: steel and wood hilt with a round steel press button and internal spring, two piece wood grips, secured by two steel rivets, steel crossguard with muzzle ring and hooked quillon.  Single edged sharpened steel blade with pointed fullers.

Maker: Weyersberg Kirshbaum & Co Solingen
Model: M.1903
Overall Length: 590.0 mm
Blade Length:  462.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  26.0 mm
Muzzle Ring Diameter (MRD): 16.5mm
Scabbard: Brown leather and steel with wide throat.
Overall length of scabbard:  465.0 mm
Frog:  Turkish manufactured brown leather.

From Australia, a first class ‘full length’ Turkish M1903 which is in good condition and which shows evidence of use by Ottoman Turkish Forces in WWI.  You’re unlikely to find a better example anywhere, If you are after the definitive First War Pattern Turkish M1903, this is it.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.2000
Country of Origin German, Turkish
Pattern M1903
Bayonet Type Sword
Maker Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co Solingen
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1903
Overall Length (mm) 590
Blade Length (mm) 462
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 26
Scabbard M1903
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 465
Frog Turkish Brow Leather