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WW1 Ottoman Turkish M1890 (German Contract) Short Bayonet & Scabbard

WW1 Ottoman Turkish M1890 (German Contract) Short Bayonet & Scabbard

$250.00
Product code: 83

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

A VERY GOOD FIRST WORLD WAR TURKISH SHORT M1890 BAYONET MANUFACTURED UNDER CONTRACT IN GERMANY TO EQUIP THE 'EXPORT PATTERN' M1890 7.65mm MAUSER RIFLE AND FITTED WITH A TURKISH UNIVERSAL SCABBARD.   This bayonet, is a very good example of the type designated M1890.  It was originally produced between 1890 and 1896 as a full length bayonet under contract in Solingen, Germany to equip the Ottoman Turkish Army's 'Export Pattern' 7.65mm Mauser Rifle and later shortened and fitted with a Turkish Universal Pattern scabbard.  The M1890 bayonet was very similar to the earlier M1887 with the only major difference being the muzzle ring's longer mount.

Details

A VERY GOOD FIRST WORLD WAR TURKISH SHORT M1890 BAYONET MANUFACTURED UNDER CONTRACT IN GERMANY TO EQUIP THE 'EXPORT PATTERN' M1890 7.65mm MAUSER RIFLE AND FITTED WITH A TURKISH UNIVERSAL SCABBARD.   This bayonet, is a very good example of the type designated M1890 (REFERENCE # 8-22) in Dennis D. Ottobre's excellent CD ROM 'Observations on Turkish Bayonets' published in 2002.  It was originally produced between 1890 and 1896 as a full length bayonet under contract in Solingen, Germany to equip the Ottoman Turkish Army's 'Export Pattern' 7.65mm Mauser Rifle and later shortened and fitted with a Turkish Universal Pattern scabbard.  The M1890 bayonet was very similar to the earlier M1887 with the only major difference being the muzzle ring's longer mount. 

The underside of the crossguard is marked with the star mark and the inspectors 'fractur', which indicates that this bayonet is a Hijra year 1308 model manufactured in Germany under contract.  Hijra 1308 is 1890 in current usage (hence Ottobre’s M1890 designation).  In common with all cutdown Turkish bayonets, the blade tapers down to a point with a truncated fuller.  The original Ottoman ‘star and crescent’ acceptance mark on the back edge of the blade is still visible.  This bayonet was also originally stamped with the Ottoman Turkish Tugra Symbol of Sultan Mohammed V on the obverse pommel but this has been partially removed although its shape is still visible.  Also stamped on the obverse pommel, above the release catch there is a feint Ottoman ‘crescent’ mark and lower down the AS.FA (Askeri Fabrika [Military Factory]) marking. The obverse crossguard has been stamped with a post 1928 serial number 3349.

The original German manufacturers mark and year of production, stamped in 'Osmanlica' was removed by AS.FA when the bayonet was reduced in length.  The bayonet retains its original hooked quillon which while not unknown is fairly unusual as the majority of converted M1890’s had their hooked quillon removed.  The fact that the bayonet has been shortened from its original configuration indicates that it remained in Turkish service until after 1928 when it was converted to M1935 specification.  The Turkish Universal Pattern scabbard has been fitted with a wide throat to fit this bayonet and is in good condition although like most Turkish scabbards it does show evidence of use, with worn bluing and compression marks to both faces (see pictures). These bayonets were in continual use for nearly 50 years and as a consequence they almost always exhibit signs of hard use, this bayonet is no exception.

Ottoman Turkish forces on all fronts, including the Dardanelles, Mesopotamia and Palestine, and throughout WW1 employed these bayonets. This is a very good quality German manufactured First World War Turkish bayonet in very good condition: steel and wood hilt with a round steel press button and internal spring, two piece wood grips, secured by two steel rivets, steel crossguard with muzzle ring and truncated hooked quillon.  Single edged sharpened steel blade with pointed fullers. A photograph of Turkish troops firing from a trench at Gallipoli, some of who are equipped with this pattern of bayonet is attached to this listing for reference.

Maker: German Contract - Solingen
Overall Length: 370.0 mm
Blade Length:  245.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  25.0 mm
Muzzle Ring Diameter (MRD): 12mm
Scabbard: Turkish Universal Pattern
Overall length of scabbard:  273.0 mm

From Australia, a Turkish M1890 Bayonet, still fitted with its original hooked quillon, in very good condition that shows evidence of use with Turkish Forces in both WWI and after.  You will not find a better example anywhere, If you are after the definitive First War Pattern Turkish M1890, this is it.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.1000
Country of Origin Turkish
Pattern M1890
Bayonet Type Knife
Maker No
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1890
Overall Length (mm) 370
Blade Length (mm) 245
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 25
Scabbard Turkish Universal Pattern
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 273
Frog No