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WW1 Ottoman Turkish M.1890 Cavalry Sword – Topkapi Armoury – Constantinople

WW1 Ottoman Turkish M.1890 Cavalry Sword – Topkapi Armoury – Constantinople

$1,275.00
Product code: 85

Availability: In stock

Quick Overview:

FIRST WORLD WAR OTTOMAN TURKISH M.1890 REGULATION CAVALRY TROOPERS SABRE AND SCABBARD PRODUCED AT THE TOPKAPI IMPERIAL ARMOURIES IN CONSTANTINOPLE BETWEEN 1890 AND 1909 AND FITTED WITH A GERMAN MADE BLADE AND SCABBARD.  This rare WW1 Ottoman Turkish Model 1890 Regulation Cavalry Troopers Sabre and scabbard is a very good example of the type. These swords were produced in Constantinople at the Topkapi Imperial Armoury and utilized Preußischer M.1852 Kavallerie-Degen or KD 52 blades and scabbards sourced from Germany.  They were issued to Ottoman Turkish cavalry troopers and were marked with the Ottoman Turkish ‘crescent moon’ molded into the face of the guard.  These swords are rare and apart from the one in my own collection and those pictured in the references I have only ever seen one listed on e-bay.

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Details

FIRST WORLD WAR OTTOMAN TURKISH M.1890 REGULATION CAVALRY TROOPERS SABRE AND SCABBARD PRODUCED AT THE TOPKAPI IMPERIAL ARMOURIES IN CONSTANTINOPLE BETWEEN 1890 AND 1909 AND FITTED WITH A GERMAN MADE BLADE AND SCABBARD.  This rare WW1 Ottoman Turkish Model 1890 Regulation Cavalry Troopers Sabre and scabbard is a very good example of the type illustrated on page 136 of Harvey J.S. Withers ‘World swords 1400-1945’. These swords were produced in Constantinople at the Topkapi Imperial Armoury and utilized Preußischer M.1852 Kavallerie-Degen or KD 52 blades and scabbards sourced from Germany.  They were issued to Ottoman Turkish cavalry troopers and were marked with the Ottoman Turkish ‘crescent moon’ molded into the face of the guard.  These swords are rare and apart from the one in my own collection and those pictured in the references I have only ever seen one listed on e-bay.

These Turkish cavalry swords are robust, well made swords, and were introduced into service in 1890, as the standard issue sword for all field and heavy cavalry troops in the army of the Ottoman Empire.  It was replaced by the German manufactured M.1909, made by Carl Eickhorn – Solingen under contract and as detailed on page 21 of David Nicolle and Raffaele Ruggeri’s excellent reference ‘The Ottoman Army 1914-18’ .  However, it appears that the supply and distribution of these swords was haphazard and as a consequence only a small number of cavalry regiments were actually equipped with the swords.  Optimised for cutting and slashing, the M.1890, unlike its successor the M.1909, was a conventional sabre bladed weapon with a german manufactured Preußischer M.1852 Kavallerie-Degen type fullered blade produced in the Topkapi Imperial Armoury.

This sword, which is in good used condition, is almost certainly a battlefield souvenir of the fighting between Australian, British and Commonwealth forces and those of the Ottoman Turkish Empire on the Gallipoli Peninsula or elsewhere in the Middle East (Egypt, Palestine & Syria) during the First World War.  Captured enemy swords were highly valued as souvenirs by the ‘Diggers’ and other Allied troops and it is highly likely that this weapon was a wartime memento. An M.1909, at the Australian War Memorial, was ‘given to Trooper Charles Vernon Fergusson, 1st Light Horse Regiment, when he offered aid to a wounded Turkish soldier while serving in the Middle East Campaign in 1915’ and can be seen at: http://cas.awm.gov.au/item/REL31691.001  For reference I have attached to this listing two photographs, the first shows Ottoman Turkish Cavalry equipped with similar M.1890 swords while the second shows Turkish Cavalry Troopers captured by the Diggers of the Light Horse at Beersheeba in 1917.

This Turkish issue sword is a good example of its type.  It’s equipped with a brass half basket hilt with the Ottoman Turkish ‘crescent moon’ molded into the face of the guard.  It has a birdshead pommel and brass guard with brass ferrule.  The brass hilt and contoured grooved leather covered wooden grip is Turkish made and stamped on the quillon with the Ottoman Turkish Tugra Symbol of Sultan Mohammed Vindicating that the sword was produced at the Topkapi Imperial Armoury mark. The German manufactured Preußischer M.1852 Kavallerie-Degen type sabre blade is ‘fullered’ and single-edged, tapering to a point and is in very good condition, (see pictures) with the back edge marked with the Ottoman Turkish ‘Crescent Star’ ownership mark and the obverse ricasso stamped with a single ottoman Topkapi Imperial Armoury inspectors mark. The heavy duty plated steel scabbard, with its single hanger-ring and belt loop fixings, is also in very good serviceable condition unlike most Ottoman Turkish weapons which are usually characterized by the evidence of hard use.  The scabbard is also marked with what appears to be a German unit mark 3.E.R.77. This is not unusual as a number of German units (Asien-Korps or Levantekorps) fought alongside the Ottoman Turkish Army against Allied, British & Commonwealth forces during World War 1.    The 3.E.R.77. mark on this scabbard indicates that it was at one time issued to Ersatz –Infanterie Regiment Nr.3 as Waffe 77 (weapon number 77).

Maker: Topkapi Imperial Armoury - Constantinople
Overall Length: 970.0 mm
Blade Length:  830.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  30.0 mm
Scabbard: Heavy duty plated steel
Overall Length of Scabbard:  850.0 mm

The markings on this sword are clearly visible, with the Ottoman Turkish ‘Crescent Moon’ molded into the front face of the brass hand guard and the quillon stamped with the Ottoman Turkish Tugra Symbol of Sultan Mohammed V,the obverse ricasso is stamped with an ottoman Topkapi Imperial Armoury inspectors markwhile the back edge of the blade is marked with the Ottoman Turkish ‘Crescent Star’ ownership mark.  The scabbard is stamped with a German unit mark 3.F.R.77. indicating that it was at some point issued to Ersatz –Infanterie Regiment Nr.3 as Waffe 77 (weapon number 77).

From Australia, this WW1 Ottoman Turkish M.1890 Regulation Issue Cavalry Sabre is in very good original condition and is an outstanding example of its type.  Almost certainly a souvenir of the First World War, this is one of the rarest and most highly sought after swords used during that conflict.  A cracking sword that is highly sought after, you are very unlikely to see another for sale any time soon.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 2.5000
Country of Origin Turkish
Sword Type Calvary
Maker Topkapi Imperial Armoury
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1890
Overall Length (mm) 970
Blade Length (mm) 830
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 30
Scabbard M.1890
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 850