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WW1 German Ersatz Socket (ERSOC) ES9 Bayonet (Published Example)

WW1 German Ersatz Socket (ERSOC) ES9 Bayonet (Published Example)

$1,295.00
Product code: 23

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

This actual bayonet is pictured on page 310 of Roy Williams seminal reference ‘The Collectors Book of German Bayonets 1680-1945 Part Two’ as bayonet number 646. It has been classified as ES9 17 by Roy Williams who states that its fitted with a ‘United States M1835 or M1842 blade’. This bayonet is fitted with a Type I ersatz scabbard in excellent condition. These Ersatz (German for substitute) Socket bayonets are often described by collectors as ERSOC bayonets, a name derived from combining the two words Ersatz and Socket. Roy Williams comments that ES9 ‘bayonets in this group are very rare’.

Details

Extremely Rare Ersatz Socket ‘ERSOC’ Type ES 9 17 utilising the blade from a US M1835 or M1842 bayonet.

This actual bayonet is pictured on page 310 of Roy Williams seminal reference ‘The Collectors Book of German Bayonets 1680-1945 Part Two’ as bayonet number 646. It has been classified as ES9 17 by Roy Williams who states that its fitted with a ‘United States M1835 or M1842 blade’. This bayonet is fitted with a Type I ersatz scabbard in excellent condition. These Ersatz (German for substitute) Socket bayonets are often described by collectors as ERSOC bayonets, a name derived from combining the two words Ersatz and Socket. Roy Williams comments that ES9 ‘bayonets in this group are very rare’.

The introduction of these 'Ersatz' bayonets dates back to the early days of WW1, when Germany could not meet, from existing stocks and production facilities, the increased demand for equipment from the rapidly expanding Imperial German Forces. Attempts were therefore made to supplement the regular issue with simplified patterns. As no approved pattern was defined, many different variants exist, amongst these was an assortment of old socket bayonets that were completely re-hilted by the Germans. The socket was removed, the elbow reshaped to form a new blade tang, then fitted with either a cast brass or steel hilt to fit the Gewehr 88 and 98 rifles and also some captured weapons. Ersatz bayonets were by definition simple, mass produced and by pre-war standards, crude, weapons designed to fill a gap. Many different types were produced and most, had plain steel hilts with integral pommel and grips and fullered or plain blades. Socket bladed types are rare. All were issued with a field-grey painted finish, although very few socket bladed types still retain their original finish. The combination of hilt and socket blade on this bayonet makes it very unusual.   Attached to this listing is a photograph of a unit equipped with similar bayonets being inspected in mid 1915.

Ersatz Socket bladed bayonets were issued with one of ten different variants of thin zinc coated or steel scabbards, soldered down the side seam and fitted with a throat shaped for the issued socket blade. This example is fitted with a Type I scabbard of painted zinc coated steel, with a large shaped scabbard throat, rounded finial and small round brass frogstud. A simple riveted internal spring secures the bayonet in the scabbard. These scabbards were relatively fragile and are very often missing even when the bayonet exists. This Type I scabbard is in excellent condition with evidence of use consistent with age and use and still retains traces of its original painted finish around the frogstud (see picture).

Roy Williams describes this bayonet as a ‘nine groove steel hilt with the underside of the guard stamped with an O mark. Triangular steel blade with a rounded fuller and a German Crown K in the fuller and a Crown A stamped above US (partly visible) on the ricasso’ (see pictures).

It is generally accepted amongst collectors that Ersatz bayonets with obsolete socket blades are amongst the rarest of First World War bayonets. What makes this example particularly special, apart from its rarity, is the fact that it’s a published example. This is the second of four published examples I currently have in stock. Bayonets used to illustrate reference works rarely come up for sale and a bayonet like this that appears in the definitive reference for German Ersatz types is even less common.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.0000
Country of Origin German
Pattern Ersatz Socket ES9 17
Bayonet Type Socket
Maker U/k utilising US M1835 or M1842 with two German acceptance marks
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1914
Overall Length (mm) 554
Blade Length (mm) 435
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 21.5
Scabbard Type I, 488.0 mm Painted zinc with circular brass fixing stud - see picture
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) No
Frog No