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WW1 German EB 67 Ersatz Socket (ERSOC ES9 08) Bayonet & Scabbard - British P1853 Blade

WW1 German EB 67 Ersatz Socket (ERSOC ES9 08) Bayonet & Scabbard - British P1853 Blade

$825.00
Product code: 24

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

This superb bayonet has a two piece nine groove steel hilt with oil hole, flat section steel crossguard with single diameter open muzzle ring in very good condition. The British Pattern 1853 socket bayonet blade is in good patinated condition with crown R and crown H ‘Fraktur’ Imperial German acceptance marks stamped onto the ricasso.

Details

Rare Ersatz Socket ‘ERSOC’ (EB 67) Bayonet – Nine Groove Hilt (ES9 08)

EXTREMELY RARE FIRST WORLD WAR GERMAN 'ERSATZ' (SUBSTITUTE) NINE GROOVE HILT SOCKET BAYONET AND SCABBARD ADAPTED FROM A BRITISH PATTERN 1853 SOCKET BAYONET (ES9 08 - WILLIAMS) AND MANUFACTURED TO FIT THE GEWEHR 88 COMMISSION RIFLE AND THE GEWEHR 98. This bayonet is an excellent example of what Anthony Carter in his seminal ‘German Bayonets, Volume III’ refers to as a EB 67 and Roy Williams in his excellent reference work ‘The Collectors Book of German Bayonets 1680-1945 Part Two’ classifies as an ES9 08 Ersatz (German for substitute) Socket bayonet. This bayonet is fitted with a Type I ersatz scabbard in very good condition.  It's a very scarce straight hilt 'ERSOC' socket type which was made by mating the triangular cruciform blade of from an obsolete British Pattern 1853 socket bayonet to a new hilt (hence the name, coined by Roy Williams, Ersatz Socket - ERSOC). 

The introduction of these 'Ersatz' bayonets dates back to the early days of WW1, when Germany could not meet, from existing stocks and production facilities, the increased demand for equipment from the rapidly expanding Imperial German Forces (consisting of Prussian, Saxon, and Bavarian Army’s).   Attempts were therefore made to supplement the regular issue with simplified patterns. As no approved pattern was defined, many different variants exist, amongst these was an assortment of old socket bayonets that were completely re-hilted by the Germans. The socket was removed, the elbow reshaped to form a new blade tang, then fitted with either a cast brass or steel hilt to fit the Gewehr 88 and 98 rifles and also some captured weapons. Ersatz bayonets were by definition simple, mass-produced and by pre-war standards, crude, weapons designed to fill a gap.  Many different types were produced and most, had plain steel hilts with integral pommel and grips and fullered or plain blades. Examples with nine groove hilts, are rare and socket bladed types even more so.  All were issued with a field-grey painted finish, although very few socket bladed types still retain their original finish.  The combination of hilt and socket blade on this bayonet makes it very unusual.  Attached to this listing for reference is a First World War photograph of a German soldier with a similar bayonet attached to his rifle.

Ersatz Socket bladed bayonets were issued with one of ten different variants of thin zinc coated or steel scabbards, soldered down the side seam and fitted with a throat shaped for the issued socket blade. This example is fitted with a Type 1 scabbard of painted zinc coated steel, with ball finial and small brass frogstud.  A simple riveted internal spring secures the bayonet in the scabbard and a small round button in brass is placed to fit the belt frog.  These scabbards were relatively fragile and are very often missing even when the bayonet exists.  This scabbard is in good condition with evidence of use consistent with age and use and still retains traces of its original painted finish around the frogstud (see picture). 

This superb bayonet has a two piece nine groove steel hilt with oil hole, flat section steel crossguard with single diameter open muzzle ring in very good condition.  The British Pattern 1853 socket bayonet blade is in good patinated condition with crown R and crown H ‘Fraktur’ Imperial German acceptance marks stamped onto the ricasso.

Type: Ersatz Socket 9 / 08
Maker: U/k utilising British Pattern 1853 Socket Bayonet with 2 German acceptance marks.
Overall Length: 535.0 mm
Blade Length:  410.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  20.0 mm
MRD:  19.0 mm
Scabbard: Type I, 490.0 mm Painted zinc with brass fixing stud - see picture.

It is generally accepted amongst collectors that Ersatz bayonets with obsolete socket blades are amongst the rarest First World War bayonets.   This example with its original paint and straight hilt is rarer than most.  This is a genuine WW1 German bayonet in very good condition which still retains its scabbard and frog.  You won't find a better example

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 1.5000
Country of Origin German
Pattern Ersatz Socket 9 / 08
Bayonet Type Socket
Maker U/k utilising British Pattern 1853 Socket Bayonet with 2 German acceptance marks
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1914
Overall Length (mm) 535
Blade Length (mm) 410
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 20
Scabbard Type I, 490.0 mm Painted zinc with fixing stud - see picture
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) No
Frog Brown Leather