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WW1 French Mle.1866 Chassepot Sword Bayonet – German Used – Superb & Original

WW1 French Mle.1866 Chassepot Sword Bayonet – German Used – Superb & Original

$475.00
Product code: 191

Availability: In stock

Quick Overview:

A EXCELLENT EARLY FRENCH SECOND EMPIRE Mle.1866 CHASSEPOT BAYONET AND SCABBARD MANUFACTURED BYMANUFACTURE IMPERIALE DE CHATELLERAULT IN APRIL 1867 AND CAPTURED IN 1871 BY THE PRUSSIAN ARMY DURING THE WAR WITH FRANCE.  AFTER CAPTURE IT WAS RE-USED BY THE GERMANS AND THE SCABBARD ADAPTED WITH A BLADE SHAPED FROG STUD.

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Details

A EXCELLENT EARLY FRENCH SECOND EMPIRE Mle.1866 CHASSEPOT BAYONET AND SCABBARD MANUFACTURED BYMANUFACTURE IMPERIALE DE CHATELLERAULT IN APRIL 1867 AND CAPTURED IN 1871 BY THE PRUSSIAN ARMY DURING THE WAR WITH FRANCE.  AFTER CAPTURE IT WAS RE-USED BY THE GERMANS AND THE SCABBARD ADAPTED WITH A BLADE SHAPED FROG STUD.

This very early French Sabre-Baïonnette Modèle 1866 Chassepot is one of those scarce examples produced during the 'Second Empire', by 'Manufacture Impériale de Chatellerault' which was used by the French Army during the Franco Prussian War of 1871, where it was captured, and then re-used by the Prussian Army.  This is evident from the script on the edge of the blade which reads “Mre Impale de Chatt 4Bre 1867” which wasthe shortened version of 'Manufacture Impériale de Chatellerault Mai 1868' and the German adapted scabbard which clearly indicate that this is a captured blade.  The bayonet retains its original French Army weapon number on its obverse crossguard.

This bayonet is a rare example of what Anthony Carter in the seminal ‘German Bayonets, Volume III’ and Roy Williams in his excellent reference work ‘The Collectors Book of German Bayonets 1680-1945 Part Two’ classify as an EB 103 (Ersatz [substitute] Bayonet Type 103).  It was manufactured by one of the most highly regarded French makers, is in excellent original condition and was in use with the French and then German Armies between 1869 and the end of WW1. What makes this bayonet particularly special however, is the fact that it was captured by the Prussian Army during the Franco Prussian War of 1871 and then re-used by them up to and during WW1.  Manufactured during the 'Second Empire', this bayonet has a 28 inch (580mm) long recurving blade, often called "Yataghan" due to similarities in shape to some Turkish blades. The blade on this bayonet is in very good lightly patinated condition while the steel crossguard, muzzle ring and quillon are in similarly good condition consistent with age and use.  The painted steel scabbard is very good with its characteristic Prussian adapted blade shaped frog stud.  The crossguard is stamped with its original French serial number A 31897. An excellent photograph of a couple of Prussian Infantryman with a captured Chassepot attached to their belts is attached to this listing for reference as is one of a different Landser with one fitted to his rifle.

The markings are clearly visible, with the French armoury and proof marks on the crossguard/quillon and the 'Manufacture Impériale de Chat’t 4Bre 1867' script on the back of the blade.  The script indicates that this bayonet was produced in April 1867.  On the obverse ricasso are a circled F Contrôleur Poinçon and star over S Contrôleur de 1ème, 2ème y 3 ème Classe. The obverse ricasso is unmarked.In the mortice, the workshop production number P 218 is stamped while the painted steel scabbard has been fitted with an elongated, blade shaped frog stud, a characteristic indication of German use after capture.  The adapted lug has been stamped with two Prussian inspectors ‘Fraktur’ while the rear face has had its original French weapon serial number removed.

The number A 31897 stamped onto the obversecrossguard is the original French weapon serial number, which would have corresponded to the number of the rifle with which the bayonet and scabbard were originally issued although the Prussians ignored these pairings and usually mixed and matched captured bayonets and scabbards.

This is a first class late (Second Empire) French bayonet in excellent museum quality condition from a highly regarded maker with great provenance: Brass hilt with leaf spring press button, secured by a single steel studded rivet pin with muzzle ring and full quillon.  Un-cut, full length 22.75 inch yataghan (double bent) proof marked steel blade with three quarter length square ended fullers.

Maker: Manufacture Impériale de Chatellerault
Overall Length: 710.0 mm
Blade Length:  580.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  30.0 mm
Scabbard: Painted Steel
Overall length of scabbard:  590.0 mm

This is a very good quality example of a scarce and historic French Chassepot with a great provenance and a really good patina. This bayonet is first class and if like me you have an interest in these German captured French Sabre-Baïonnette Modèle 1866 Chassepot bayonets you will most certainly not be disappointed with this example. I guarantee you will not find a better example anywhere.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 2.0000
Country of Origin German, French
Pattern Sabre-Baïonnette Modèle 1866 Chassepot
Bayonet Type Sword
Maker Manufacture Impériale de Chatellerault
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1867
Overall Length (mm) 710
Blade Length (mm) 580
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 30
Scabbard Sabre-Baïonnette Modèle 1866 Chassepot
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 590
Frog No