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Victorian Colonial Era British Volunteer Lancaster Sword Bayonet

Victorian Colonial Era British Volunteer Lancaster Sword Bayonet

$725.00
Product code: 19

Availability: SOLD

Quick Overview:

British Pattern 1855 Lancaster (Sappers & Miners) Carbine Sword Bayonet designed for use with the Pattern 1855 Lancaster (Sappers & Miners) Carbine.  This example is linked to the Volunteer Corps of Engineers, an Australian militia unit formed in Victoria in 1860. This example is numbered 703

Details

Colonial Era - Victoria Volunteer Corps of Engineers

British Pattern 1855 Lancaster (Sappers & Miners) Carbine Sword Bayonet designed for use with the Pattern 1855 Lancaster (Sappers & Miners) Carbine.  This example is linked to the Volunteer Corps of Engineers, an Australian militia unit formed in Victoria in 1860. This example is numbered 703In Britain in 1859 the Volunteer's were established as a seperate force from the part-time conscript Militia who had themselves been established as a regular reserve.  Volunteer units were also established across the British Empire and throughout the Colonies, including Australia, and were permitted to authorise their own weapons and uniforms.  Most adopted the standard issue items although a small minority purchased unique types. The forerunner of the Royal Australian Engineers was formed in 1860, when the Corps of Engineers were founded in the then colony of Victoria.

In 1855 the Royal Sappers & Miners adopted a new pattern carbine equipped with a falchion bladed bayonet which is most variously known as the Lancaster, Engineer or Pattern 1855 Bayonet. This bayonet has a 23.75 inch long ‘falchion’ shaped blade.  The blade is pipe-backed with a swell point and is polished bright. The brass crossguard has disc finials on the top and bottom of the quillon.  The cross-cut black leather grips are riveted and inlet on the obverse with a screw fixed flat spring which actions the press stud in the brass beak-shaped pommel on the reverse side.

Lancaster bayonets are scarce, Australian examples are as rare as rocking horse teeth (this is only the second one I have ever seen outside of a Museum, the other is one I have just purchased for my own collection from Melbourne).  This example was originally purchased 5 years ago, also from Victoria, who had recorded that it was one of the original number purchased by the Victoria Volunteer Corps of Engineers following their establishment in 1860.  The pommel cap is stamped with the weapon number 703  This number is identical in style to those found on other recorded Victorian Volunteer Corps of Engineer Bayonets, the highest recorded number being 704.

This is a rare mid nineteenth century Lancaster bayonet from a well regarded Solingen manufacturer with an Australian provenance:  Brass and leather chequerboard hilt with a leaf spring steel press button release catch, secured by a single steel screw bolt in good condition.  Sharpened single edged, pipe-backed elongated falchion shaped steel blade which is heavily patinated and shows evidence of use consistent with age. 

A rare and highly sought after bayonet with an Australian provenance that is only being listed because I have been fortunate enough to find another example. 

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 2.0000
Country of Origin Australian, British
Pattern Pattern 1855
Bayonet Type Sword
Maker JE Bleckmen
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1855
Overall Length (mm) 738
Blade Length (mm) 610
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 30
Scabbard No
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) No
Frog No