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British / Australian Colonial Era Pattern 1859 Naval Cutlass Bayonet - 2nd Type

British / Australian Colonial Era Pattern 1859 Naval Cutlass Bayonet - 2nd Type

$1,725.00
Product code: 67

Availability: In stock

Quick Overview:

BRITISH / AUSTRALIAN PATTERN 1859 CUTLASS BAYONET (2nd TYPE), DESIGNED FOR USE WITH THE SECOND PATTERN 1858 NAVAL RIFLE.  THIS EXAMPLE, LIKE THE MAJORITY OF PATTERN 1859 CUTLASS BAYONETS, WAS PRODUCED UNDER LICENCE IN SOLINGEN, GERMANY BY A&E.H.  THESE BLADES WERE USED BY THE ROYAL NAVY, AUSTRALIAN COLONIAL NAVAL FORCES AND THE NAVY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA DURING THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.  This Pattern 1859 Cutlass Bayonet was designed for use with the second pattern Naval rifle (Pattern 1858), and was officially designated as the Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type although I.D Skennerton in his excellent reference ‘Australian Service Bayonets’ designates it as a Pattern 1858 Cutlass Bayonet. The cutlass bayonet was made of a slightly curved cutlass blade with a large cast steel guard and a grip consisting of two riveted knurled (chequered) leather pads and was designed to be fitted to the Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle. It was essentially a compromise, an attempt to make a single weapon, that served two purposes.

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Details

BRITISH / AUSTRALIAN PATTERN 1859 CUTLASS BAYONET (2nd TYPE), DESIGNED FOR USE WITH THE SECOND PATTERN 1858 NAVAL RIFLE.  THIS EXAMPLE, LIKE THE MAJORITY OF PATTERN 1859 CUTLASS BAYONETS, WAS PRODUCED UNDER LICENCE IN SOLINGEN, GERMANY BY A&E.H.  THESE BLADES WERE USED BY THE ROYAL NAVY, AUSTRALIAN COLONIAL NAVAL FORCES AND THE NAVY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA DURING THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.  This Pattern 1859 Cutlass Bayonet was designed for use with the second pattern Naval rifle (Pattern 1858), and was officially designated as the Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type although I.D Skennerton in his excellent reference ‘Australian Service Bayonets’ designates it as a Pattern 1858 Cutlass Bayonet. The cutlass bayonet was made of a slightly curved cutlass blade with a large cast steel guard and a grip consisting of two riveted knurled (chequered) leather pads and was designed to be fitted to the Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle. It was essentially a compromise, an attempt to make a single weapon, that served two purposes.

The Cutlass Bayonet was issued exclusively to the Navy, where it was criticised for being too heavy. In April 1860, official trials were conducted using a sheep's carcass. The trial concluded that: provided the cutlass was used for thrusting, whilst attached to the rifle, no damage would be caused to the barrel. Whilst the weapon could realistically never be employed as a bayonet, it was suitable for use as a cutlass on board a fighting ship.

The Pattern 1859 was employed by the Royal Navy for almost 20 years, and equipped most of the ships of the Navy of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.  Indeed, the CSS Alabama was equipped with 150 of these weapons when she fought the USS Kearsage in their famous engagement off Cherbourg in France. 

As for Australian service, Victoria issued a number of Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles fitted with Pattern 1859 Cutlass Bayonets to Volunteer forces.  Skennerton also notes that “such bayonets were issued with Enfield and Snider Enfield Naval Rifles in small numbers in most of the colonies with the possible exceptions of Queensland and South Australia”. An identical bayonet to this one, also manufactured by A&E.H. is held in the collection of the Australian War Memorial and can be viewed at: https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/REL/12077/ . This bayonet was originally purchased from Port Melbourne in Victoria.  That fact combined with the lack of any other markings than those of the Solingen contractors trademark (the same maker as the example in the AWM) indicate that this bayonet was originally purchased to equip Australian Colonial Naval forces, most likely those of Victoria. For reference, two photographs of Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type in use with Australian Colonial Naval forces are shown; the first shows boy sailors on the Australian Training ship HMS Wolverine engaged in cutlass drill while the second shows 2 sailors on board HMS Cerberus (Flagship of the State Naval Forces of Victoria) in the late 1890’s.

This very good Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type has a 26.5 inch (673mm) long curving blade.  The grips are black chequered leather secured to the tang by four rivets.  As the Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle had a sword bar on the barrel, the muzzle ring on the bayonet is level with the top of the tang, and a shallow concave groove is evident along the top of the hilt to allow for the barrel of the carbine.  There is a disc finial on the top of the muzzle ring.  The locking bolt is on the left side of the beak-shaped pommel with the return spring inlet into the right side and secured by a screw.  The plated steel blade is very good with wear commensurate with age and employment as are the guard and scabbard.   The outer bowl the guard displays the greatest wear and finish loss which is consistent with use.  The obverse ricasso is stamped with the German contract manufacturers trademark A&E.H. in an oval shield. In summary, both the plated steel cutlass and scabbard are in very good original condition 

This is a very good and highly sought after mid nineteenth century cutlass bayonet still fitted with its original Pattern 1859 Scabbard: steel and leather chequerboard hilt with a leaf spring steel press button release catch, secured by a single steel screw bolts, plated steel guard with muzzle ring and flat finial.  Single edged unfullered cutlass steel plated blade with flattened ridge.

Type: Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type
Maker: A&E.H. Solingen
Overall Length: 830.0 mm
Blade Length:  673.00 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  37.0 mm
Muzzle Diameter: 20.5 mm
Scabbard: Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type
Scabbard Length: 678.00 mm

From Australia, a very good quality example of a rare and highly sought after Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type.  Apart from its Australian provenance, what marks this blade out is the fact that it is still fitted with its original scabbard.  You will not find a better original example anywhere - guaranteed.

Additional Information

Weight (kg) 2.5000
Country of Origin Australian, British
Pattern Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type
Bayonet Type Misc.
Maker A&E.H
Year of Manufacture (circa) 1859
Overall Length (mm) 830
Blade Length (mm) 673
Blade Width (at guard) (mm) 37
Scabbard Sword-Bayonet Cutlass Pattern 1859 2nd Type
Overall Length of Scabbard (mm) 678
Frog No